On Monday, July 3, the global average temperature surpassed 17 degrees Celsius for the first time, setting a new record.
According to US researchers, the new record set an instrumental record high that dates back to the end of the 19th century.
According to scientists, the heat is being caused by a mix of a recurring human production of carbon dioxide and a natural weather phenomenon known as El Niño.
Additionally, June of last year was officially the warmest June ever recorded.
According to researchers at the US National Centres for Environmental Prediction, on July 3, the average global temperature surpassed the previous record of 16.92C, which had been in place since August 2016.
Researchers have been concerned about rising temperatures on land and at water since the beginning of this year.
Marine heatwaves in regions that don’t often experience them, like the North Sea, have been followed by spring temperatures that broke records in Spain and many Asian nations.
While the southern US has also been plagued by oppressive temperatures this week, China’s ongoing heatwave continued this week with temperatures reaching as high as 35C in certain locations.
Since 1979, when satellite monitoring records first started, Monday’s high is the warmest. Experts concur that it is the greatest level seen since the widespread use of instrumental records started at the turn of the 20th century.
Researchers think that the recent increase in global temperatures is a result of both continuous carbon dioxide emissions and the naturally occurring El Niño phenomenon.
There are three distinct phases of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO as it is officially known: hot, cold, or neutral. It is the strongest climate change that has ever occurred on Earth.
According to climate researcher Leon Simons, “the average global surface air temperature reaching 17C for the first time since we have accurate records available is a significant symbolic milestone in our warming world.”
“We can expect a lot more daily, monthly, and annual record breaking in the next 1.5 years now that the warmer phase of El Niño is starting.”
The month of June was officially recorded as the warmest June in history as of Monday’s record temperature. In the years between 1850 and 1900, global temperatures were 1.46C higher than average.
While the effects of high temperatures are also being felt in the world’s poles, the UK also saw its hottest June. A reading of 8.7C at Ukraine’s Vernadsky Research base surpassed the July Antarctica temperature record.
More records are anticipated to be broken as the summer progresses and El Niño intensifies, according to scientists.
According to Karsten Haustein of the University of Leipzig, July has a good chance of being the warmest and hottest month ever, “ever” meaning since the Eemian, or roughly 120,000 years ago.
While temperatures in the Southern Hemisphere will decrease slightly over the next few days, July and August are likely to experience even warmer days given that El Niño is now in very good shape.