- NEW DELHI According to two officials with knowledge of the most recent assessment prepared for submission to the UN, India’s rate of carbon emissions decreased by a faster-than-expected 33% in 14 years as renewable energy output surged and the amount of forest cover expanded.
According to the report’s conclusions, India is on track to fulfill its obligation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce emissions intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2030.
From 2005 to 2019, according to authorities familiar with the Third National Communication (TNC) report’s preparations, India’s rate of emissions intensity—the total quantity of greenhouse gas emissions generated for every unit rise in GDP—fell by 33%.
To inform the UNFCCC of their efforts to reduce emissions, many nations are compiling their TNC reports.
In the years 2016 to 2019, India’s average rate of emissions reduction improved to 3% annually from just under 1.5% in the years 2014 to 2016.
Even though fossil fuels continue to predominate the energy mix, it was the fastest drop so far and was largely attributed to the government’s push towards renewables.
One official, who wished to remain anonymous, told Reuters that “there is continuous reduction in the emission intensity of the Indian economy, which shows the country has been able to completely decouple its economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions.”
According to the second official, India should be able to resist pressure from wealthy countries to stop using coal thanks to the progress made in reducing emissions intensity.
According to this official, India’s emissions intensity has sharply decreased as a result of policies that target emissions in the industrial, automotive, and energy sectors and promote non-fossil production.
80.73 million hectares, or 24.56%, of India was covered with forests and trees as of 2019.
India has recently made an effort to promote green hydrogen, which is produced by splitting water molecules with renewable energy.
The report has not yet been approved by the federal cabinet, according to a third official.
Inquiries received by Reuters on Monday went unanswered by India’s environment ministry.
According to Central Electricity Authority data, 25.3% of India’s total power generation in the fiscal year that ended in March came from non-fossil fuel sources, up from 24.6% three years earlier. These sources include hydro, nuclear, and renewable energy.
73% of the electricity used is still generated by thermal power plants, down from roughly 75% in 2019.
The major economies that make up the Group of 20 (G20) failed twice last month to reach an agreement on phasing out the use of fossil fuels and on establishing specific goals to reduce emissions.
Higher carbon reduction goals are being resisted by developing nations, particularly India, who claim that the unrestricted use of fossil fuels by industrialized nations has depleted resources.