World isn’t moving fast enough to cut pollution and keep warming below 2 degrees Celsius, UN scorecard says

According to the first United governments scorecard since Paris, which was revealed on Friday, the world’s governments have not done enough to reduce pollution and avert catastrophic levels of warming in the eight years following the historic Paris Climate Agreement.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change released its assessment on Friday, showing that the globe is still significantly off-track as the world’s nations assemble for COP28 in Dubai in late November to review how much progress has been made on reducing global emissions since Paris.

One of the main focuses of COP28 will be a “global stocktake,” which will assess how quickly the world’s countries are achieving the emissions targets set in Paris to help slow the rate of a rapidly warming planet.

The world is currently out of step with the temperature targets outlined in the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep global temperatures well below 2 degrees Celsius, and ideally below the critical warming threshold of 1.5 degrees, according to the report, which warns that there is a “rapidly narrowing window to raise ambition and implement existing commitments.”

In the record-breaking summer of this year, the world warmed to a temperature of 1.5 degrees over preindustrial levels, having already warmed by around 1.2 degrees above preindustrial levels.

The scorching summer of this year set new world temperature records. According to data from the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, the months of June through August were the planet’s warmest since records first began to be kept in 1940.

Although the UN report notes that the Paris Agreement “has driven near-universal climate action” from every nation and placed a strong emphasis on reducing emissions, the steps taken by nations themselves don’t correspond to the situation.

The Paris Agreement has greatly decreased predictions of future warming compared to predictions made previous to its ratification, but the world is still not on track to achieve the Paris Agreement’s long-term objectives, according to the UN authors.

Dr. Sultan Al Jaber, the COP28 president-elect-designate, urged corporations and governments to make “real and actionable commitments to address climate change.”

Al Jaber stated in the statement that “today’s global stocktake provides clear direction on how we can meet the expectations of the Paris Agreement by taking decisive action in this critical decade.”

Due to catastrophic weather and lethal heat brought on by climate change, experts said COP28 signals a critical time for the world to respond to the challenge.

The UN report is “a call for radical and immediate action,” according to Tom Evans, policy adviser on climate diplomacy and geopolitics at think tank E3G. At COP28, agreement on a global quick response plan has the potential to change the course of climate action.

Evans urged nations to increase the use of renewable energy while phasing out the use of fossil fuels. The United Arab Emirates, an oil and gas-rich country, is hosting this year’s summit, but getting the world’s governments to agree on language phasing out all fossil fuels has proven to be quite difficult in the past and may present difficulties this year.

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